Optimization of mechanical properties of cellular lightweight concrete with alkali treated banana fiber


  • Mohammed Hassan Nensok School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang (Malaysia)
  • Md Azree Othuman Mydin School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang (Malaysia)
  • Hanizam Awang School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang (Malaysia)




foamed concrete, banana fibre, mechanical properties, compressive strength, flexural strength


Recent advancements in construction materials development have involved the utilization of plant-based natural fibers such as kenaf, sisal, coir and banana to replace conventional fibers such as carbon, steel, polypropylene and aramid. However, the main issue with using these fibers is the alkaline cement matrix's durability and compatibility due to high water absorption. Hence, this research focuses on the use of alkali treatment of banana fibers to enhance the mechanical properties of cellular lightweight concrete (CLC). Banana fibers were subjected to 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, and 10% NaOH treatment before being included in 1200 kg/m3 density CLC. Plain CLC and untreated fiber composites (0% NaOH treatment) were used as the control. Results from the study indicate that compared to the untreated fibre composites and plain control CLC at 28 days, compressive, flexural and splitting tensile strengths increased simultaneously with 6% NaOH fibre treatment to peaks of 40.6% and 59.8%, 63.8% and 117.4%, and 77.4% and 157.8% respectively. The 6% NaOH treatment of BF tremendously improved the mechanical characteristics of single fibers and BFRCLC composites. It is therefore concluded that 6% NaOH treatment of banana fibre was the optimum percentage alkali treatment for use in CLC. 


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How to Cite

Nensok, M. H., Mydin, M. A. O., & Awang, H. (2021). Optimization of mechanical properties of cellular lightweight concrete with alkali treated banana fiber. Revista De La Construcción. Journal of Construction, 20(3), 491–511. https://doi.org/10.7764/RDLC.20.3.491